وکیل جرایم سایبری

Charles Snyder’s hope theory

جمعه 19 آبان 1391 ساعت 20:05

These observations are very consistent with Charles Snyder’s hope theory. Hope has both cognitive and affective elements. According to Snyder,1 there are three components associated with hope: 1) having goal-oriented thoughts; 2) developing strategies to achieve goals; and 3) being motivated to expend effort to achieve goals. An individual’s belief in their ability to realise these components determines the likelihood they will develop a sense of hope.

At risk youth may believe that anything bad that happens to them is out of their control or simply what they deserve. Peer-based programs help at risk youth set personal goals for their future and develop strategies that will help them achieve these goals. Providing a safe environment, practise opportunities, exposure to positive role models and opportunities to receive positive and constructive feedback and encouragement all contribute to the sense of personal agency that is important for achieving goals. This ‘agentic perspective’ is also en element of Social Cognitive Theory.2

By engaging at risk youth in activities and situations that they would not normally experience, programs can help to change beliefs held by at risk youth about what is possible for them. In so doing, peer-based programs may promote feelings of hopefulness and optimism amongst at risk youth.


  1. Snyder, C. (1994). The psychology of hope: You can get there from here. . New York, Free Press.
  2. Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action:  A Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, Prentice Hall.

Note: Professor C. Richard (Rick) Snyder died of cancer on January 18, 2006. Social Psychology Network is maintaining this profile for visitors who wish to learn more about Professor Snyder's work.

Professor Rick Snyder is internationally known for his work at the interface of clinical, social, personality and health psychology. His theories pertain to how people react to personal feedback, the human need for uniqueness, the ubiquitous drive to excuse transgressions and, most recently, the hope motive.

He has received 27 teaching awards at the university, state, and national level, and 31 research awards, including the 2002 Balfour Jeffrey Award for Research Achievement in Humanities and Social Science and the 2001 Guilford Press Award for Pioneering Scholarly Contributions in Clinical/Social/Personality Psychology. In 2005, he received an honorary doctorate from Indiana Wesleyan University.

Professor Synder's research focuses on the ideas of hope and forgiveness. As a pioneer in the positive psychology movement, he has written or edited 23 books, including six books he wrote on the theory of hope. His books and 262 articles describe hope’s impact on various aspects of life, including health, children, spirituality and work.

نظرات (5)
جمعه 26 آبان 1391 ساعت 22:06
لطفا پاکش کنین تا تو .اینترنت به فارسی سرچ کنی نطریه امید اشنایدر وبلاگ شما رو میاره.چرا اسباب ناراحتی منو فراهم می کنین؟خواهش کردم ازتون
امتیاز: 0 0
هدف وبلاگ من این است که هیچ کدام از خوانندگان این وبلاگ ناراحت نشوند
به خاطر احترام به نظر شما منتقد محترم مطالب این پست موقتاً حذف می گردد.
با تشکر
پنج‌شنبه 25 آبان 1391 ساعت 14:08
این عکس درخور شما نیسا؟؟؟!!!!
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یکشنبه 21 آبان 1391 ساعت 20:10
سلام.این عکس در خور شما نیست.
امتیاز: 0 0
شنبه 20 آبان 1391 ساعت 20:17
با سلام و تشکر از شما
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شنبه 20 آبان 1391 ساعت 08:36
گاهی اینقدر مطالب نوشته شده در یک وبلاگ جذاب هستند که خواننده فراموش می کنه از نویسنده تشکر کنه !
از تلاش شما و مطالب خوبی که ارائه می دید ممنونم
قطعا خوانندگان زیادی دارید که در سرچ جزو اولین وب سایت هایی هستید که گوگل معرفی می کنه
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